US has been more cautious in power projection since 2008: Jaishankar

The United States is moving towards greater realism both about itself and the world and has been more cautious about power projection and an effort to correct its overextension since 2008, said the Minister of Foreign Affairs S Jaishankar while underlining the major trends which have influenced the evolution of the Indian Ocean in recent years.

Speaking at the inaugural session of the 5th Indian Ocean Conference which kicked off here on Saturday, Jaishankar underlined the evolving US strategic posture and the uniqueness of the US regime and its ability to reinvent itself.

“Since 2008, we have seen more caution in the US power projection and an effort to correct its overextension. It may have taken different forms and articulated in very different ways. easily, ”he said.

“It is expressed in terms of footprint and posture, in terms of engagement, extent of involvement and nature of initiatives. Overall, the United States is moving towards greater realism. both on themselves and on the world, ”he said.

Jaishankar said America was adjusting to multipolarity and rebalancing and re-examining the balance between its domestic revival and its overseas commitments.

“This makes it a more active partner beyond orthodox constructions. Given the strength of its influence over the Indian Ocean, this can only have implications. We must also keep in mind the uniqueness of the American regime and its ability to reinvent itself, ”said Jaishankar, who was previously India’s ambassador to Washington.

The theme of the Indian Ocean 2021 Conference organized by the India Foundation is “Indian Ocean: Ecology, Economy, Epidemic”. There will be around 200 delegates and over 50 speakers from 30 countries.

In his speech, Jaishankar noted that the two developments that have dramatically increased uncertainties in Indian Ocean countries are the US withdrawal from Afghanistan and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on a region particularly vulnerable to tensions. sanitary and economical.

The US withdrawal from Afghanistan has left the immediate and extended region grappling with serious concerns about terrorism, radicalism, instability, drug trafficking and governance practices, he said.

“Given the closeness and the sociology, we are all affected in one way or another,” Jaishankar said.

He also said that the impact of the pandemic has not only been a one-off shock to the international system. He also laid out in depth all of his flaws and loopholes.

In economic terms, the dangers of too centralized globalization are glaring. The answer lies in both more reliable and resilient supply chains, as well as increased trust and transparency. In political terms, the lack of equity in vaccines and the reluctance to cooperate on a challenge of this magnitude speak for themselves, he said.

“International organizations have failed in the world, either in terms of establishing the origins of the problem or leading the response to it,” Jaishankar said.

“What we have seen instead are specific countries moving forward in different ways to alleviate the crisis, some individually, others in partnership,” he said.

Jaishankar said India has done its fair share. She spoke in the provision of drugs, vaccines and oxygen. Or in a desire to support the expatriate population in times of difficulty.

He also highlighted the need to quickly standardize travel through recognition of certification so that livelihoods are restored as soon as possible. India, he said, has worked out solutions with around 100 countries on the issue of travel certificates.

He noted that, like the rest of the world, the nations of the Indian Ocean also grapple with the same global concerns.

“Concerns about terrorism have grown in light of recent developments in the Af-Pak region. The international community expressed these sentiments in United Nations Security Council resolution 2593 demanding assurances that Afghan soil will not be used for terrorism, pressing for governance and seeking guarantees on the treatment of minorities, women and children, ”Jaishankar said of Afghanistan now ruled by the Taliban.

He also mentioned the emergence of the Quad group made up of the United States, India, Australia and Japan.

“The Quad is a good example at one end of the Indian Ocean,” he said. Within a year, he has developed a strong curriculum covering maritime security, cybersecurity, climate action, vaccine collaboration, critical and emerging technologies, higher education, resilient supply chains, disinformation, multilateral organizations, semiconductors, counterterrorism, humanitarian aid and disaster relief as well as infrastructure development, he said.

Another promising endeavor is the Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative which is being undertaken as part of the East Asia Summit initiated by India.

“It is a good illustration of the practical challenges that we, the nations of the Indian Ocean, are facing in terms of maintenance, security and use of the maritime domain. The era when one could count on others to take care of the global commons is now We must all move forward to contribute as a collective responsibility, ”he said.

(Only the title and image of this report may have been reworked by Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is automatically generated from a syndicated feed.)

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